Police Reform

Implicit Bias Police Training: What Works?

Implicit Bias Police Training: What Works?

  • What does current evidence suggest?

  • Policy recommendations to achieve positive police behavior outcomes

Racial Disparities in Policing and their Impact on Police-Community Relations

Racial Disparities in Policing and their Impact on Police-Community Relations

  • Disparities in policing fuel ongoing negative relationships between police and communities.

  • Community-based approaches to policing, within a broader procedural justice framework, have the potential to change the nature of police-community relationships.

  • Potential Avenues for Addressing Gaps: A centralized requirement for systematic, standardized police data collection, funding for police-researcher partnerships, and a focus on community impact as outcomes are likely to address gaps.


External Resources


The Role of Empathy in Crime, Policing & Justice

  • How empathy matters

  • Preventing and dealing with juvenile delinquency

  • The emotions of criminals and victims

  • Take account of empathy in police training


The Role of Emotional Distress in Victim Reports of Crime & Perceptions of Police Response

  • Victims and crimes

  • The role of emotions in reporting to the police

  • Satisfaction with the police

  • Take-away lessons


How Better Data Can Help Leaders Find Ways to Reduce Excessive Contacts Between Police and Minority Youth

  • Measuring Disproportionate Minority Contact

  • Moving Forward



Research to Consider as Schools Address Community Demands to Renegotiate School-Police Partnerships

  • Racial disparities exist in school policing.

  • School policing does not necessarily lead to improved school safety.

  • Some schools use security guards as an alternative (or in addition) to school resource officers, but research does not show a link between the presence of security guards and increased school safety.

  • There are evidence-based alternatives to school policing, grounded in child development and relationship-building, that support schools and student safety.

  • Funding for school policing and school security may crowd out funding for other school safety and wellness investments.

Police Car


Evidence-Based Police Reform

  • Public opinion

  • Reforms that have limited impact

  • Reforms that are more promising


How to Reduce Harmful Police Contacts with Youth

  • Understanding increased contacts

  • Health, trauma, & detention

  • What can be done to improve police-youth relations